MC7: Accelerator Technology
T20 Targetry
Paper Title Page
  • Z.H. Wang, Z.N. Liu, J. Shi, H. Zha
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  The target in electron linear accelerator is subjected to high-frequency and intense thermal shocks. Elevated temperatures in the target may lead to target recrystallization, fatigue cracking, creep and vaporization. In this study, experiments were carried out to investigate the damage behaviour of tungsten targets in 6 MeV linear accelerators under pulsed electron beam. The results show that recrystallization occurs after loading 6 MeV electron beam with repetition frequency of 220 Hz, pulse width of 4μs and mean current of 151μA for 248 s. Deformation and cracking caused by recrystallization are observed on the surface of the target.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※  
About • paper received ※ 14 May 2019       paper accepted ※ 21 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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THPRB108 LBNF Hadron Absorber: Updated Mechanical Design and Analysis for 2.4 MW Operation 4078
  • A. Deshpande, K. Anderson, K.E. Gollwitzer, B.D. Hartsell, J. Hylen, V.I. Sidorov, S. Tariq
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  The Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF) Hadron Absorber is located downstream of the decay pipe. It consists of actively cooled aluminum and steel blocks surrounded by steel and concrete shielding. Majority of the beam power is deposited in the absorber core which is water cooled. The surrounding steel and concrete shielding are air-cooled. The absorber provides radiation protection to personnel and keeps soil and ground activation levels to below allowable limits. It is designed for 2.4 MW beam operations. The total heat load deposited into the absorber is approximately 400 kW. The current design considers the longer 4-interaction length target of the optimized beam design. In addition, the ‘bafflette’ around the target reduces the energy deposited into the absorber. For this reason, the sculpting in the aluminum core blocks, which was in the previous design, was removed, making the design uniform and less complicated. In addition, the uniformity of the absorber makes it easier to understand the muon monitor data. Steady state thermal, structural, and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis of critical absorber aluminum and steel components during steady state operations is discussed herein. A similar analysis for a 120 GeV, 10 µs pulse, accident condition is also discussed. A preliminary design for the accident pulse prevention system that protects the absorber is also described.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※  
About • paper received ※ 30 April 2019       paper accepted ※ 23 May 2019       issue date ※ 21 June 2019  
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