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RIS citation export for THPMP048: Mu*STAR: A Modular Accelerator-Driven Subcritical Reactor Design

AU  - Johnson, R.P.
AU  - Abrams, R.J.
AU  - Cummings, M.A.
AU  - Lobo, J.D.
AU  - Popovic, M.
AU  - Roberts, T.J.
ED  - Boland, Mark
ED  - Tanaka, Hitoshi
ED  - Button, David
ED  - Dowd, Rohan
ED  - Schaa, Volker RW
ED  - Tan, Eugene
TI  - Mu*STAR: A Modular Accelerator-Driven Subcritical Reactor Design
J2  - Proc. of IPAC2019, Melbourne, Australia, 19-24 May 2019
CY  - Melbourne, Australia
T2  - International Particle Accelerator Conference
T3  - 10
LA  - english
AB  - Mu*STAR is an accelerator-driven molten-salt sub-critical reactor based on recent superconducting RF technological breakthroughs that allow a highly efficient and powerful proton accelerator to drive a spallation target inside a graphite-moderated, thermal-spectrum reactor. The additional spallation neutrons can be used to overcome the absorption of neutrons by fission products to allow a deeper burn than is possible with critical reactor designs. Simulations have shown that as much as seven times the energy that was extracted from used fuel from light water reactors can be produced by this method before the accelerator demands significant power from the reactor. Once the fuel rods have been converted from oxide ceramics to fluoride salts, in a process that is proliferation resistant (not chemical reprocessing), the fuel can be burned for centuries without increasing its volume while reducing its radio-toxicity. Our 2017 GAIN voucher grant supported studies by ORNL, SRNL, and INL to design and cost a Fuel Processing Plant to convert used nuclear fuel into the molten-salt fuel for Mu*STAR. Based on those studies, it seems possible to build Mu*STAR systems on existing sites where used fuel is stored, convert it to fluoride salts, and use it to provide affordable carbon-free electricity for centuries.
PB  - JACoW Publishing
CP  - Geneva, Switzerland
SP  - 3555
EP  - 3557
KW  - site
KW  - neutron
KW  - target
KW  - operation
DA  - 2019/06
PY  - 2019
SN  - 978-3-95450-208-0
DO  - DOI: 10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPMP048
UR  - http://jacow.org/ipac2019/papers/thpmp048.pdf
ER  -